Buses are the main form of transportation in Yogyakarta. There are two kinds of buses, regular and patas. Regular buses usually operate from 05:00 – 17:00 though on some local routes the service hours are extended to 21:00.
Patas buses or TransJogjas are air conditioned and generally safer than regular buses. They operate from 06:00 – 22:00 and only stop at designated shelters. Passengers may purchase both single trip tickets and regular trip cards directly at the shelters.
Good to Know
While Yogyakarta is safer than Jakarta, travellers should beware of pickpockets, especially in local city buses and along Milioboro sidewalks. A suggestion is to bring standard precautions to protect your belongings. Below is a list of useful information.
Colourful horse carts or andong usually gather around tourist hotspots like Milioboro Street, the Kraton Palace, and Tugu Train Station. A popular route usually sets off from Milioboro Street to Keraton, passing many shops, markets, and lively lanes. It’s certainly an enjoyable way to observe Yogyakarta. Horse carts are a little more expensive than rickshaws or taxis, though they become more reasonable if you hire them at an hourly rate.
Rickshaw or Pedicabs
Rickshaws or pedicabs are typical transportation choices at many destinations in Asia. Here, in Yogyakarta, Rickshaws are known as becaks and can be found in most parts of the city. Becaks can accommodate up to three adult passengers. Prices are negotiable and it is best to agree on the price before you get on board.
Nowadays, all taxis are equipped with a meter and most taxi drivers in Yogyakarta are trustworthy. The meter records fare increments by the kilometre. The initial flag fall is Rp 5,000 and a single trip around the city centre should not cost more than Rp 15,000. An additional surcharge is introduced for a ride after dark and the minimum fare is Rp, 10,000. Most of the drivers do not speak English, so it is best to have your map ready or to write down the name of your destination in Indonesian.
Yogyakarta is located in the centre of the island of Java, bordered on the north by a chain of volcanoes and to the south by the Indian Ocean. Yogyakarta's climate tends to be relatively moderate, though the high level of humidity can make summer in the city quite sticky.
The mean variation of the temperature in Yogyakarta is between 65°F/18°C and 95°F/35°C and its annual average temperature is around 80°F/27°C. The average humidity is 75%.
Yogyakarta has only two seasons through out the year, the rainy season and dry monsoon. The rainy season usually lasts from September to April. The average rainfall throughout the year is around 1,900mm while the heaviest rainfall often occurs in February.
Summer is the best time to visit Yogyakarta, starting from May until August. The level of humidity and temperature during the day in the summer may seem relatively higher than average. However, temperatures remain low during the night. This is the only period that Java Island is free from rainfall, making a visit more enjoyable.